What are the six Fundamental Rights in India that everybody should know about? Subscribe

Fundamental rights are rights given to human beings and recognized by the Supreme Court of India. Fundamental rights are one of the most crucial things in the Indian constitution. It is enshrined in chapter III (articles 12-35). Fundamental rights are the basic human rights no person shall take for granted. Every citizen of India must know about the six basic fundamental rights. People in democratic countries get the liberty to enjoy fundamental human rights protected by the judicial system and India is one of them. Any violation of fundamental rights is not permissible by the courts. India respects the rights of people, and with fundamental rights, it aims to shield the basic human rights of the citizens of India. These rights ensure that every citizen in India gets the fullest mental, physical and moral development. 

India has the lengthiest constitution and is known as the country with the largest democracy. However, you might have been in a situation where you felt at least once in your life when you questioned yourself, what are your rights? Well, you will learn about that in the article. 

There are six fundamental rights in the Indian constitution, which are as follows - 

1) Right to Equality - Rights to Equality gives rights to the citizens to enjoy equal privileges and opportunities. It protects the citizens from any discrimination by the state based on gender, religion, race, caste, or place of birth. 

2) Right to Freedom - Freedom is the basic characteristic of a true democracy. And the Right to Freedom entails - 

A) Freedom of speech and expression. 

B) Freedom to assemble peacefully without arms.

C) Freedom to form associations or unions. 

D) Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India. 

E) Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India. 

F) Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade, or business. 

3) Right against Exploitation - Apart from Britishers, Indians were exploited by zamindars/money lenders too. This system was called forced labor. Right against Exploitation prohibits any forced laboring or human trafficking. 

4) Right to Freedom of Religion - India is a multi-religious country. With this right, the Constitution guarantees anyone can enjoy the freedom of conscience and practice and propagate any religion. 

5) Cultural and Educational Rights - This right provides the rights to all sections of society and protects the minority group from discrimination. It allows minorities to establish and maintain their own educational institutions and preserve their language. 

6) Right to Constitutional Remedies - After reading all the above fundamental rights, you might wonder, what if the state has already violated your fundamental rights? The Right to Constitutional Remedies empowers you to move to the courts.

These rights entitle the citizens of India to move to the Supreme court or High Court for enforcement. 

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