What is IVF & who can benefit from it?Subscribe

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) helps with fertility, in the conception of a child, or to prevent genetic problems in cases where this assistance may be needed. It is a series of complex procedures that can be conducted only in a properly facilitated medical laboratory. These steps may or may not be split further into different parts. The whole procedure takes approximately three weeks.

Steps –

During IVF, mature eggs are 'retrieved' from the woman's ovaries. These eggs are then fertilized in a lab by using sperm. After that, the embryo/s (fertilized eggs) are transferred to a uterus. This person may be the same as the donor of the eggs, or they may be a surrogate. All these steps combined make for 'one cycle' of IVF. Some people might successfully conceive within a single cycle; others might need more than one such cycle.

Source of Cells –

IVF is a highly effective assisted reproductive technology. Most doctors safely declare it as the most successful type as well. The source of the egg and sperm in this technology can be either the couple themselves, or it may involve the eggs, sperm, or embryos from a known or unknown donor. In some cases, a gestational carrier might also be used. This is a person who has an embryo implanted in their uterus.

Who can benefit from IVF? 

There are quite a few situations in which a doctor recommends an IVF:

1. As a primary treatment for women over 40 who may be dealing with infertility.

2. In cases where fertility drugs haven't produced desired results.

3. In cases where surrogacy is involved.

4. In cases where the woman who wants to conceive is suffering from damage or blockage in her fallopian tubes. It doesn't allow for the egg to be fertilized by the sperm or for the fertilized egg (embryo) to travel to the uterus).

5. In case of irregular, infrequent, or absent ovulation, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, etc.

6. In cases where a woman might have undergone sterilization of fallopian tubes or tubectomy.

7. In cases where the man might suffer from impaired sperm function or production.

8. Unexplained infertility, fertility prevention because of cancer, other diseases, or health conditions, a genetic disorder.

9. Women who have a dysfunctional uterus, or had their uterus removed for medical reasons, might choose a surrogate to carry the pregnancy for them while still using their eggs. The surrogate, in this case, is called a gestational carrier.

10. Queer couples who might be gay or lesbian. While legally, this might vary from country to country; the medical procedure certainly comes to their aid regarding pregnancy. Men might become sperm donors and opt for surrogate mothers. Women could use their eggs and uterus while using a donor for sperm.

In short, couples and sometimes even individuals use IVF to conceive for many reasons, and indisputably, it remains the best method for assisted pregnancy.

Tags:

Surrogacy

IVF

Surrogate Parent

Pregnancy

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